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>    COLLECTION     >    AIRCRAFT   >   FAST JETS   >   Jaguar GR.1
Manufacturer: Gloster Aircraft Co.

Model: Meteor T.7 / Meteor 71/2  / 'Meteor Special'

Registration: WA634 / MBA634

UAS Location: Hangar 2

Served with: Martin Baker

Maximum Speed:  623mph

Engines: 2 x Rolls-Royce Derwent 9 turbojets, 3,600 lbf thrust each

Service Ceiling: 43,300 ft

Range: 600 miles

Length & Height: 44 ft. 7 in x 13ft

Wing Span: 37ft  2 in

Operational Life: 1949 - 1967


The SEPECAT Jaguar GR.1 was a formidable fast jet, a product of Anglo-French collaboration during the Cold War.

Originally envisioned as a joint jet trainer with a light ground attack capability, the project's requirements evolved. By the time it entered service in the 1970s, the Jaguar GR.1 had transformed into a supersonic attack aircraft, adept at close air support and even tactical nuclear strike missions.

The development of the Jaguar was a significant step in military aviation, marking one of the first major joint Anglo-French military aircraft programmes. 


Manufactured by SEPECAT, a joint venture between Breguet and the British Aircraft Corporation, the Jaguar’s first flight was on 8 September 1968, and it was introduced into service in 1973. 

Its design was a marvel of Anglo-French collaboration. Drawing upon the expertise of both nations' aviation industries, the Jaguar boasted a sleek, twin-engine configuration powered by the dependable Rolls-Royce Turbomeca Adour engines.


These jet engines, offered a potent mix of power and fuel efficiency that enabled the Jaguar to achieve a top speed exceeding Mach 1.6.

The Royal Air Force (RAF) played a critical role in the Jaguar's history.


The GR.1 variant, specifically designed for the RAF, incorporated several modifications to excel in its attack role. The airframe was strengthened to accommodate a wider array of weaponry, including bombs, rockets, and air-to-surface missiles.


The avionics suite was also extensively upgraded to provide enhanced navigation, target acquisition, and weapon delivery capabilities. These advancements transformed the Jaguar GR.1 into a highly versatile and potent attack platform.


They served extensively throughout the latter half of the 20th Century, entering service in March 1974 during the height of the Cold War and took over the ground attack role from the RAF Phantoms.


It saw action in various conflicts, including the Gulf War in the 1990s where it was praised for its reliability and effectiveness.

The history of the SEPECAT Jaguar GR.1 jet

The Jaguar GR.1's service with the RAF extended far beyond the Gulf War. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, these fast jets played a crucial role in safeguarding NATO airspace during the Cold War.


Their responsiveness and manoeuvrability made them ideal for deterring potential Russian threats when patrolling vital European air corridors. They also saw action in operations like the Falklands War against the Argentina, where its ability to operate from relatively short runways proved invaluable.


The Jaguar GR.1 remained a mainstay of the RAF until its retirement in 2007, eventually succeeded by the more advanced Eurofighter Typhoon.

​Beyond the Gulf War: Jaguar GR.1's Legacy

History of the UAS' Jaguar GR.1 XZ 389

Delivered to the RAF in 1977, XZ 389 carried out its first flight on the 7th of May that year4. 


After retiring from active service, it was used for training RAF apprentices at the SoTT at Halton and later at RAF Cosford. 


In mid-November 2023, Jaguar XZ 389 was generously Gifted by the RAF to the Ulster Aviation Society, where it now resides.


It had been partially dismantled, including the wings and tailplane, for transport but has since been reassembled for display alongside the other fast jets within the Society’s heritage collection.

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